CHLOROPHYTUM TUBEROSUM PDF

Chlorophytum tuberosum is one of several species of Chlorophytum used in genus and is native to Africa, where the genus Chlorophytum is most diverse. Leaves x cm, ensiform, sheathing at base. Scape cm; flowers towards tip of spike, racemose. Bracts cm long, lanceolate. Flowers white. CHLOROPHYTUM TUBEROSUM (Roxb.) Family: Liliaceae Hindi: Safed musli Mundari: Kulaebo, Piri jadu, Piri tar Oraon: Oro arxa.

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Chlorophytum tuberosum is one of several species of Chlorophytum used in Ayurvedic medicine, the traditional Hindu system of medicine. Safed musli, as it is known in Hindi, is a herb commonly found in forest patches in India, and is used in a tonic intended to give strength and vigour. The spider plant C. Widespread from Nigeria to eastern tropical Africa, and also found across central and southern India to Burma Myanmar.

Chlorophytum tuberosum normally grows at up to 1, m above sea level, but has been found at the summit of the Travancore Range in India at 2, m above sea level. It occurs in woodland, bushland or grassland, often in degraded vegetation, and in India is also found in mixed forest.

Chlorophytum tuberosum is a herb usually growing up to cm tall. Its underground parts comprise a short rhizome, often surrounded by fibres, which bears swollen roots with dark tubers to up 7 cm long at their tips.

The leaves are borne in a rosette and are linear-lanceolate, cm long and cm wide. The flowers are borne in a simple raceme with two flowers at each node.

The flowers are large, white, showy and sweetly-scented and there is no differentiation between the petals and sepals hence known as tepals. The stamens are shorter than the tepals.

Pharmacognostic study of Chlorophytum tuberosum Baker

The fruits are three-edged capsules containing seeds 2 mm in diameter. The wild collection of Chlorophytum tuberosum in Africa is likely to be minimal, and therefore not considered to chlorophyrum a threat there.

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Consequently, it is increasingly considered as ‘rare’ in India. Chlorophytum roots are usually collected before plants have reached maturity, thus hampering natural regeneration.

The related species C. Chlorophytum tuberosum is being monitored as part of the ‘IUCN Sampled Red List Index for Plants’, which aims to produce conservation assessments for a representative sample of the world’s plant species. This information will then be used to monitor trends in extinction risk and help focus conservation efforts where they are needed most.

Chlorophytum tuberosum is cultivated as an ornamental for its large, showy flowers. Its leaves and roots are edible.

In India the roots are dried and used as a popular tonic and aphrodisiac in Ayurvedic medicine. In northern Nigeria its tubers are crushed to produce a lotion used to treat guinea-worm. Pressed and dried and alcohol-preserved specimens of Chlorophytum tuberosum are held in Kew’s Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. The details, including images, of some of these can be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue.

Poulsen University of Copenhagen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Published on the Internet http: Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

India Biodiversity Portal

Published on the Internet at http: Species Profile Geography and distribution Widespread from Nigeria to eastern tropical Africa, and also found across central and southern India to Burma Myanmar. Threats and conservation The wild collection of Chlorophytum tuberosum in Africa is likely to be minimal, and therefore not considered to be a threat there.

Conservation assessments carried out at Kew Chlorophytum tuberosum is being monitored as part of the ‘IUCN Sampled Red List Index for Plants’, which aims to produce conservation assessments for a representative sample of the world’s plant species. Uses Chlorophytum tuberosum is cultivated as an ornamental for its large, showy flowers. This species at Kew Pressed and dried and alcohol-preserved specimens of Chlorophytum tuberosum are held in Kew’s Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment.

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Distribution India, Myanmar Ecology Forest, woodland or grassland. Leaves Leaves rosulate, glabrous, lanceolate, 10—50 cm. Peduncles Peduncle stout, 10—35 cm.

Inflorescences Inflorescence unbranched or rarely with a few basal branches, racemose, dense, up to 17 cm. Pedicel Pedicels articulated in lower half to near the middle, up to 10 mm.

Stamens Stamens shorter than the tepals; filaments filiform, 5—6 mm. Fruits Capsule deeply triquetrous, 15 chloropnytum. Seeds Seeds irregularly folded, 2 chloeophytum.

Habitat In woodland or bushland, often in degraded vegetation, usually on badly drained, heavy black cotton soils, sometimes on lighter, sandy and lateritic soils, often in seasonally flooded areas; 30— m. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3: Note Inflorescence developing before the leaves reach full size Flowers Flowers large and ornamental. Chlorophytum tuberosum flower in Maharastra, India.

Dinesh Valke under CC by 2. Chlorophytum anthericoideum Dalzell Chlorophytum kulsii Cufod. Almeida Chlorophytum russii Chiov. Presl Liliago tuberosa Roxb. Presl Phalangium niveum Poir.

Baker chloorophytum in other Kew resources: First published in J.

Chlorophytum tuberosum – Wikipedia

The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Chlprophytum Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Flora of Somalia 4: The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: Accessed 12 April Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Flora of Tropical East Africa: Economic Plants of India, Vol. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. Red Data Book of Indian Plants. Flora of West Tropical Africa F. Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, tkberosum.

Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: