Cervical ectropion, or cervical ectopy, is when the soft cells (glandular cells) that line the inside of the cervical canal spread to the outer surface of your cervix. Glandular cells are red, so the area may look red. heard it called cervical erosion, but it is now called cervical ectropion or cervical eversion. The cervix, the lower fibromuscular portion of the uterus, measures cm in to the eversion of the columnar epithelium onto the ectocervix, when the cervix . by the columnar epithelium (sometimes referred to as glandular epithelium).

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This process is completed well before birth and the entire length of vagina and the ectocervix is meant to be covered by squamous epithelium.

How is it diagnosed? These eventually lift off the persistent columnar epithelium Figures 1. What causes this condition to develop?

Excessive maturation is seen on the surface as evidenced by keratinization with delayed, incomplete maturation in deeper layers. Also known as cervical erosion, cervical ectropion is not usually a health concern.

The endocervical canal is lined by the columnar epithelium sometimes referred to as glandular epithelium. While cauterization usually resolves the symptoms of cervical ectropion, a doctor may need to repeat the procedure if the symptoms return. If a woman is experiencing symptoms, such as pain or bleeding, a doctor may recommend cauterization.

What Is Cervical Ectropion (Cervical Erosion)?

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This area of columnar cells on the ectocervix forms an area that is red and raw in appearance called an ectropion cervical erosion. This content requires JavaScript to be enabled. Overall, from the basal to the superficial layer, these cells undergo an increase in size and a reduction of nuclear size.

A thorough understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the cervix is absolutely essential for effective colposcopic practice. The Pap test can help rule out glandullar cancer.


Thus, the cervix swells and enlarges and the endocervical canal elongates. Here’s our swatch-guide to vaginal…. Most women only have glandular cells on the inside of their cervix. Clinically, it may be seen as an extensive whitish-grey, hyperkeratotic area extending from the anterior and posterior lips of the cervix to the vaginal fornices. Gglandular lymphatic vessels from the cervix drain into the common, external and internal iliac nodes, obturator and the parametrial nodes.

It can also be due to hormonal fluctuations. A schematic diagram o A woman’s cervix has different sorts of cells on the outside vaginal portion than it does on the inside the cervical canal. Rate the information on this page When you click on an answer below, your vote will be submitted automatically.

These symptoms may indicate an infection or another underlying condition, so a eversikn should not ignore them.

The reason for these symptoms is that glandular cells are more delicate than epithelial cells.

Cervical ectropion: Symptoms, treatment, and causes

If any of these symptoms cause problems for you, there are treatments that may help. The cervix Cervical screening smear test Have your say: The nerve supply to the cervix is derived from the hypogastric plexus.

The primary symptom of cervical ectropion is a red, inflamed patch at the neck of the cervix — the transformation zone. As the process continues, the immature metaplastic squamous cells differentiate into mature stratified metaplastic epithelium Figure 1. They produce mucus and bleed easily, which may lead to spotting and pain during or after sexual activity. Several cysts, called nabothian cysts folliclesmay be observed in the mature metaplastic squamous epithelium 1.

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The squamocolumnar junction, where the columnar secretory epithelium of the endocervical canal meets the stratified squamous covering of the ectocervix, is located at the external os before puberty. A localized overgrowth of the endocervical columnar epithelium may occasionally be visible as a reddish mass protruding from the external os on visual examination of the cervix.


What makes a carb good and what makes it bad? Women may worry that cervical ectropion may be related to other conditions that affect the cervix. Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences. Cervical ectropion cervical erosion. Your GP can talk this through with you and refer you for further treatment if needed.

Chapter 1: An introduction to the anatomy of the uterine cervix

However, cells from inside the cervical canal bleed more easily and can produce more mucus than cells on the outside. Does magnesium hold the key to vitamin D benefits? It is opaque, has multiple layers of cells Figure 1. Reference to the original squamocolumnar junction will be explicitly made as the original squamocolumnar junction. The transformation zone looks red and inflamed because the glandular cells are red, delicate, and easily irritated.

Gross anatomy of the u Cryotherapy, which is also used to reduce swelling, may be used to resolve the symptoms of cervical ectropion.

Sometimes it is slightly undulating with short projections of stroma at regular intervals. The cuboidal epithelium remaining here will undergo squamous metaplasia. The condition is actually visible during a pelvic exam because your cervix will appear bright red and rougher than normal.

Identifying the transformation zone is of great importance in colposcopy, as almost all manifestations of cervical carcinogenesis occur in this zone. You might have some mild discomfort similar to a period for a few hours to a few days. Retrieved from ” https: