FM 100-61 PDF

FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Operational Art. • FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force. FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Operational Art. FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Tactics. FM The OPFOR operational doctrine outlined in FM represents a realistic . *This publication supersedes FM , 26 January

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However, when faced with a large, technologically advanced army, it may choose to redefine the terms 1000-61 conflict and pursue its aims through terrorism, insurgency, or partisan warfare. When conflict is imminent, or when U.

Rather, each module has its basis in the doctrine and organization of various foreign armies. Sign In Sign Out. This may be an important consideration when supplies are limited. A primary goal of engineer reconnaissance at the operational level is to provide comprehensive information on the trafficability of march routes. OPFOR planners consider a forcing of a water obstacle from the march to be the principal water-crossing method in a contemporary combined arms battle.

List of United States Army Field Manuals – Wikipedia

Creating passages for mobility in all environments is primarily an engineer task. Their work materially contributes to the AT reserve’s survivability and the stability of its defense. MODs normally work closely with the AT reserves during the course of an operation or battle. Its mission is denying key terrain to the enemy, particularly tm avenues of approach most suitable for tanks.

They may still be small and lightly armed but could have sophisticated, state-of-the-art light weapons. Remotely delivered minefields fill gaps created by enemy minefield breaching efforts, cause confusion and 1100-61 in forming-up points, and halt attacks in areas not covered by an MOD or gain time for an MOD to do its work.


This menu of possible forces allows U.

The full preparation of defensive positions 100-16 entrenchments, communications trenches, positions for tanks and infantry vehicles, and protective CPs is a labor-intensive process.

The OPFOR also makes distinctions between controlled command-operated by hard wire or radio linkage or autonomously sensor-controlled and uncontrolled minefields. Other engineer tasks in the defense are clearing obstacles, crossing gaps, and eliminating the effects of fire strikes.

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The type and scale of engineer support depends on the operational situation, enemy forces, and the conditions under which an OPFOR army or army group assumes the defensive. Large infantry-based forces can have multiple armies or corps and conduct extensive set-piece operations over broad frontages. In addition to the specific activities conducted by engineer troops, all OPFOR units use one or more forms of technical camouflage. The nine basic tasks follow:.

Mine density is also greater, sometimes layed in three separate belts.

With limited assets, most such groups cannot, or will not, invest in the weapons and technology necessary to keep pace with the best militaries in their regions. Engineer tasks during the defense implement obstacle plans, particularly AT obstacles. The army’s final defensive line, which aims to prevent further enemy penetration and create conditions for counterstrikes, may use remote minelaying to reinforce threatened axes.

They have some armor but rely on dismounted or motorized infantry for the bulk of their combat power. Although the MOD can operate independently, it normally operates with AT reserves to provide flank protection and to repel enemy counterattacks.


However, simultaneous obstacle construction in all three areas can only occur when sufficient time, equipment, and personnel are available. They monitor the conditions of roads, barriers, bridges, and the water supply as well as help monitor radiation and contamination levels in the defensive area.

Thus, the differences between the infantry-based and armor- and mechanized-based OPFOR modules are largely scenario-dependent. The AP minefield targets personnel. At both army and army group levels, engineer units include an engineer brigade, a pontoon bridge regiment, and possibly an assault crossing battalion.

List of United States Army Field Manuals

The OPFOR depicts its enemy by using double-lined versions of the same symbols it uses for its own friendly forces. Enter Your Email Address. Decoy minefields are a significant form of deception.

These and other nondivisional engineer units support their commander by conducting engineer missions in support of committed forces. It may also use remotely laid minefields probably with self-destruct options and controllable minefields.

They are a standard feature of tactical and operational formations.

It establishes rest, halt, and assembly areas to protect the formation from attack during a march. These forces may or may not have nuclear weapons but at least have the capability to produce or acquire them.

Both army group and army use their engineer units to form MODs specializing in the rapid laying of mines and constructing obstacles.